Catholic devotions for the 10th November

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Saint of the Day/ Feast
Reading of the Martyrology
Dedication of the Month
Dedication of the Day
Five Wounds Rosary in Latin
Seven Sorrows Rosary in English
Latin Monastic Office
Reading of the Rule of Saint Benedict
Celebration of Mass
Reading from the School of Jesus Crucified

Feast of Saint Andrew Avellino

Born 1521 at Castronuovo, a small town in Sicily; died 10 November, 1608. His baptismal name was Lancelotto, which out of love for the cross he changed into Andrew when he entered the Order of Theatines. From his early youth he was a great lover of chastity. After receiving his elementary training in the school of Castronuovo, he was sent to Venice to pursue a course in the humanities and in philosophy. Being a handsome youth, his chastity was often exposed to danger from female admirers, and to escape their importunities he took ecclesiastical tonsure. Hereupon he went to Naples to study canon and civil law, obtained the degree of Doctor of Laws and was ordained priest at the age of twenty-six. For some time he held the office of lawyer at the ecclesiastical court of Naples. One day, while pleading the cause of a friend, a lie escaped his lips in the heat of argument. When, soon afterwards, his eyes fell upon the passage in the Bible, "The mouth that belieth killeth the soul" (Wisdom 1:11), he felt deep remorse, renounced his profession as ecclesiastical lawyer and for some time devoted himself entirely to holy meditation and other spiritual exercises. The Archbishop of Naples now commissioned him to reform a convent at Naples, which by the laxity of its discipline had become a source of great scandal. By his own example and his untiring zeal he restored the religious discipline of the convent but not without many and great difficulties. Certain wicked men who were accustomed to have clandestine meetings with the nuns became exasperated at the saint's interference, and one night he was assaulted and severely wounded. He was brought to the monastery of the Theatines to recuperate. Here, however, he resolved to devote himself entirely to God and he entered the Order of Theatines, which had but recently been founded by St. Cajetan. On the vigil of the Assumption he was invested, being then thirty-five years of age. After completing his novitiate, he obtained permission to visit the tombs of the Apostles and the Martyrs at Rome, and, upon his return was made master of novices. After holding this office ten years he was elected superior. His holy zeal for strict religious discipline, and for the purity of the clergy, as well as his deep humility and sincere piety induced the General of his Order to entrust him with the foundation of two new Theatine houses, one at Milan, the other at Piacenza. By his efforts many more Theatine houses rose up in various diocese of Italy. As superior of some of these new foundations he was so successful in converting sinners and heretics by his prudence in the direction of souls and by his eloquent preaching, that numerous disciples thronged around him, eager to be under his spiritual guidance. One of the most noteworthy of his disciples was Lorenzo Scupoli, the author of that still popular book "The Spiritual Combat". St. Charles Borromeo was an intimate friend of Avellino and sought his advice in the most important affairs of the Church. Through indefatigable in preaching, hearing confessions, and visiting the sick, Avellino still had time to write some ascetical works. His letters were published in 1731, at Naples, in two volumes, and his other ascetical works, three years later in five volumes. On 10 November, 1608, when beginning the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, he was stricken with apoplexy, and after devoutly receiving the Holy Viaticum, died the death of a saint at the age of eighty-eight. In 1624, only sixteen years after his death, he was beatified by Urban VIII, and in 1712 was canonized by Clement XI. He is venerated as patron by Naples and Sicily and invoked especially against a sudden death. His earthly remains lie buried in the Church of St. Paul at Naples.
The Reading from the Martyrology

This Day, the Tenth Day of November

At Naples in Campania, the birthday of St. Andrew Avellino, Clerk Regular and confessor. He was renowned for holiness and zeal in promoting the salvation of his neighbors. Noted for his miracles, he was canonized by the Sovereign Pontiff, Clement XI. 
On the same day, the birthday of the holy martyrs Tryphon and Respicius, and Nyrnpha, virgin. 
At Rome, the birthday of Pope St. Leo I, confessor and Doctor of the Church who, by reason of his outstanding qualities, is surnamed the Great.  During his pontificate, the Council of Chalcedon was held at which, through his legates, he condemned Eutyches; afterward, he confirmed the decrees of this Council by the weight of his authority. By the many laws he passed and by his numerous writings, he deserved well of the Holy Church of God and
of the entire flock of the Lord as their good shepherd. His feast, however, is observed on April 11.
At Iconium in Lycaonia, the holy women Tryphenna and Tryphosa. By the preaching of St. Paul and the example of St. Thecla, these women made the greatest progress in Christian training.
At Antioch, Ss. Demetrius, bishop, Anianus, deacon, Eustosius, and twenty other martyrs.
At Agde in Gaul, the holy martyrs Tiberius, Modestus, and Florence. In the reign of Diocletian, they were subjected to various tortures and so gained martyrdom.
At Ravenna, St. Probus, bishop, noted for miracles.
At Orleans in Gaul, St. Monitor, bishop and confessor.
In England, St. Justus, bishop. Pope St. Gregory sent him together with Augustine, Mellitus, and others, to England to preach the Gospel. There, renowned for his sanctity, he died in the Lord. In the town of Melun in Gaul, St. Leo, confessor.
On the island of Patmos, St. Theoctiste, virgin

Omnes sancti Mártyres, oráte pro nobis
("All ye Holy Martyrs, pray for us", from the Litaniae Sanctorum, the Litany of the Saints)

November is the Month of the Poor Souls in Purgatory


For the Relief of the Poor Souls in Purgatory

NINTH DAY The Benefit of the Devotion

PREPARATORY PRAYER: Act of Faith: My God, I believe in Thee, because Thou art Truth itself; I firmly believe the truths revealed to the Church.

Act of Hope: My God, I hope in Thee, because Thou art infinitely good.

Act of Charity: My God, I love Thee with all my heart, and above all things, because Thou are infinitely perfect; and I love my neighbor as myself, for the love of Thee.

(Indulgence 7 years, 7 quarantines, each time. Benedict XIV., Jan. 28, 1756. Plenary once a month, if said every day. Benedict XIII., Jan. 16, 1728.)


This Novena is coming to a close. Do we understand the benefits and the consolation derived from devotion to the holy Souls? Do we need stronger motives to increase our zeal? Then let us consider that: Nothing is more glorious to God, nothing gives more honor to His Holy Name, nothing rejoices His Heart more, nothing is more pleasing to Him than charity for the “Poor Souls.”

To open Heaven to the Poor Souls is to increase the number of those who praise and glorify God, the number of hearts that love Him. “Such a work,” says Bourdaloue, “is an apostolate more noble, more meritorious than the conversion of sinners, and even of heathens.’’

How we will please the Heart of Jesus, Who loves the Souls redeemed by His precious blood! He would willingly come into this world again and offer Himself for their deliverance; but all justice must be accomplished, and the debts of the Souls must be paid. Therefore, He has inspired His Church with the practice of praying for the dead every time the Holy Sacrifice is offered.

The Blessed Virgin is the Queen of Purgatory and will be highly gratified when we contribute to the relief of the “Poor Souls.”

St. Joseph, the patron of a happy death, will also present our requests to the Lord, who has been called His Son. He will repay us generously if we come to the rescue of the suffering Souls.

What joy among the Saints in Heaven when they will see another elect—a Soul coming out of Purgatory! Her Guardian Angel, the Holy Patron, will welcome and congratulate her! It will be a great joy in Heaven. The Saints know the benefactors of the “Poor Souls,” and they will, in return, protect them.

We have already said that the Saints in Purgatory will remember their benefactors. No, they cannot forget them! They will attentively provide for them in needs both temporal and spiritual. They will protect us and defend us in troubles, in dangers, in temptations. On our deathbed they will surround us. At the tribunal of God they will be our advocates; and, if we are cast into Purgatory, they will come to visit us, to console us, until the day of our entrance into a glorious eternity.

PRACTICE: Give alms to the poor; insure your soul with prayers and good deeds against the fire of Purgatory. Money will be useless at the hour of death, but your good works will follow you.

RESOLUTION: I will never miss the opportunity of assisting the “Poor Souls.”

EXAMPLE: A pious lady was praying for the recovery of her health. She had exhausted every means and made novenas after novenas to the Blessed Virgin Mary, to St. Joseph, etc., without success. But she was advised to commence novenas for the relief of the “Poor Souls” in Purgatory. She did so and entirely recovered. She was accustomed to say: “All that I ask through the intercession of the “Poor Souls” I obtain easily. With them I am never discouraged, and I hope against hope.”

PRAYER: De Profundis

Let us pray for all the faithful departed: O God, Creator and Redeemer of all men, we beseech Thee to grant to the Souls of Thy servants the remission of their sins, so that by our prayers they may obtain the indulgence for which they long. O Lord, who reigns and lives, world without end. Amen

V. Eternal rest give unto them, O Lord.

R. And let perpetual light shine upon them.

V. May they rest in peace.

R. Amen.
(300 days each time for W. and RR., applicable only to the dead. Pius X., Feb. 13, 1908.)

Friday is the Day dedicated to Christ's Passion and His Sacred Heart

Fridays are penitential days and Catholics are to keep in mind Christ's suffering and to sacrifice something for the sake of penance and discipline. The traditional way to do this is to abstain from meat. On this day also, many Catholics make what is known as the "First Fridays Devotion" in honor of the Sacred Heart. This entails going to Mass and receiving Communion in reparation to the Sacred Heart on the first Friday of the month for nine consecutive months. Another Friday practice is to kneel and pray five Paters and five Aves, especially at 3:00pm, the hour Christ died on the Cross.

The Sorrowful Mysteries of the Rosary are prayed on Friday

"I would like to remind you that the Rosary is a biblical prayer, all filled with the Holy Scriptures." It is a prayer from the heart, in which the repetition of the Ave Maria directs the thought and affection towards Christ, and thus is made a confident prayer to Him and our Mother. It is a prayer that helps to meditate on the Word of God and assimilate the Eucharistic Communion, on the model of Mary who kept in her heart everything Jesus did and said and even His Presence. " Pope Benedict XVI

The Rosary in Latin

Chaplet of the Five Holy Wounds of Christ in Latin 

Chaplet of the Seven Sorrows of Our Lady in English

The Reading of the Rule of Saint Benedict for November 10

1 Praecipue hoc vitium radicitus amputandum est de monasterio, 
2 ne quis praesumat aliquid dare aut accipere sine iussione abbatis, 
3 neque aliquid habere proprium, nullam omnino rem, neque codicem, neque tabulas, neque graphium, sed nihil omnino, 
4 quippe quibus nec corpora sua nec voluntates licet habere in propria voluntate; 
5 omnia vero necessaria a patre sperare monasterii, nec quicquam liceat habere quod abbas non dederit aut permiserit. 
6 Omniaque omnium sint communia, ut scriptum est, ne quisquam suum aliquid dicat vel praesumat.
7 Quod si quisquam huic nequissimo vitio deprehensus fuerit delectari, admoneatur semel et iterum;
8 si non emendaverit, correptioni subiaceat.

1 Above all this vice is to be cut out by the roots from the monastery, 
2 no one may presume to give or receive anything without the abbot’s order 
3 nor to have anything as their own - not anything - neither book, writing-tablet, pen, nor anything at all 
4 since it is not allowed that even their body or their will should remain subject to their own will: 
5 rather, for all necessary things let them trust to the father of the monastery, since none of them is allowed to have anything which the abbot has not given or permitted.  
6 All things are to be held in common by all, as it is written, so that no one may say or presume that anything is his own (Acts 4:32).
7 But if anyone is found engaging in this most destructive vice he is to be admonished once or twice
8 if he does not amend he is to be subjected to correction.

Today's Celebration of the Mass

Saint Andrew Avellino

Jesus XPI Passio sit semper in cordibus nostris
May the Passion of Jesus Christ be always in our hearts


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