Catholic devotions for the 2nd October

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Saint of the Day
Reading of the Martyrology
Dedication of the Month
Dedication of the Day
Five Wounds Rosary in Latin
Seven Sorrows Rosary in English
Latin Monastic Office
Reading of the Rule of Saint Benedict
Celebration of Mass
Reading from the School of Jesus Crucified

Feast of the Holy Guardian Angels

This feast, like many others, was local before it was placed in the Roman calendar. It was not one of the feasts retained in the Pian breviary, published in 1568; but among the earliest petitions from particular churches to be allowed, as a supplement to this breviary, the canonical celebration of local feasts, was a request from Cordova in 1579 for permission to have a feast in honour of the guardian angels. (Bäumer, "Histoire du Breviaire", II, 233.) Bäumer, who makes this statement on the authority of original documents published by Dr. Schmid (in the "Tübinger Quartalschrift", 1884), adds on the same authority that "Toledo sent to Rome a rich proprium and received the desired authorization for all the Offices contained in it, Valencia also obtained the approbation in February, 1582, for special Offices of the Blood of Christ and the Guardian Angels."

So far the feast of Guardian Angels remained local. Paul V placed it (27 September, 1608) among the feasts of the general calendar as a double "ad libitum" (Bäumer, op. cit., II, 277). Nilles gives us more details about this step. "Paul V", he writes, "gave an impetus to the veneration of Guardian Angels (long known in the East and West) by the authorization of a feast and proper office in their honour. At the request of Ferdinand of Austria, afterwards emperor, he made them obligatory in all regions subject to the Imperial power; to all other places he conceded them ad libitum, to be celebrated on the first available day after the Feast of the Dedication of St. Michael the Archangel. It is believed that the new feast was intended to be a kind of supplement to the Feast of St. Michael, since the Church honoured on that day (29 September) the memory of all the angels as well as the memory of St. Michael (Nilles, "Kalendarium", II, 502). Among the numerous changes made in the calendar by Clement X was the elevation of the Feast of Guardian Angels to the rank of an obligatory double for the whole Church to be kept on 2 October, this being the first unoccupied day after the feast of St. Michael (Nilles, op. cit., II, 503). Finally Leo XIII (5 April, 1883) favoured this feast to the extent of raising it to the rank of a double major.

Such in brief is the history of a feast which, though of comparatively recent introduction, gives the sanction of the Church's authority to an ancient and cherished belief. The multiplicity of feasts is in fact quite a modern development, and that the guardian angels were not honoured with a special feast in the early Church is no evidence that they were not prayed to and reverenced. There is positive testimony to the contrary (see Bareille in Dict. de Theol. Cath., s.v. Ange, col. 1220). It is to be noted that the Feast of the Dedication of St. Michael is amongst the oldest feasts in the Calendar. There are five proper collects and prefaces assigned to this feast in the Leonine Sacramentary (seventh century) under the title "Natalis Basilicae Angeli in Salaria" and a glance at them will show that this feast included a commemoration of the angels in general, and also recognition of their protective office and intercessory power. In one collect God is asked to sustain those who are labouring in this world by the protecting power of his heavenly ministers (supernorum . . . . praesidiis . . . . ministrorum). In one of the prefaces, God is praised and thanked for the favour of angelic patronage (patrociniis . . . . angelorum). In the collect of the third Mass the intercessory power of saints and angels is alike appealed to (quae [oblatio] angelis tuis sanctisque precantibus et indulgentiam nobis referat et remedia procuret aeterna" (Sacramentarium Leonianum, ed. Feltoe, 107-8). These extracts make it plain that the substantial idea which underlies the modern feast of Guardian Angels was officially expressed in the early liturgies. In the "Horologium magnum" of the Greeks there is a proper Office of Guardian Angels (Roman edition, 329-334) entitled "A supplicatory canon to man's Guardian Angel composed by John the Monk" (Nilles, II, 503), which contains a clear expression of belief in the doctrine that a guardian angel is assigned to each individual. This angel is thus addressed "Since thou the power (ischyn) receivest my soul to guard, cease never to cover it with thy wings" (Nilles, II, 506).

For 2 October there is a proper Office in the Roman Breviary and a proper Mass in the Roman Missal, which contains all the choice extracts from Sacred Scripture bearing on the three-fold office of the angels, to praise God, to act as His messengers, and to watch over mortal men. "Let us praise the Lord whom the Angels praise, whom the Cherubim and Seraphim proclaim Holy, Holy, Holy" (second antiphon of Lauds). "Behold I will send my angel, who shall go before thee, and keep thee in thy journey, and bring thee into the place that I have prepared. Take notice of him, and hear his voice" (Exodus 23; capitulum ad Laudes). The Gospel of the Mass includes that pointed text from St. Matthew 18:10: "See that you despise not one of these little ones: for I say to you that their angels in heaven always see the face of my Father who is in heaven." Although 2 October has been fixed for this feast in the Roman calendar, it is kept, by papal privilege, in Germany and many other places on the first Sunday (computed ecclesiastically) of September, and is celebrated with special solemnity and generally with an octave (Nilles, II, 503). 

The Reading from the Martyrology

Feast of the Holy Guardian Angels

At Nicomedia, St. Eleutherius, soldier and martyr, with numberless others. They were falsely accused of having set fire to the palace of Diocletian and, by order of this most cruel emperor, were barbarously massacred in groups. Some were put to the sword, some consumed by fire, while others were precipitated into the sea. But the principal one, Eleutherius, having endured long tortures, and being found stronger after each one, terminated his victorious martyrdom by fire, as well-tried gold.

In the vicinity of Arras, the martyrdom of blessed Leodegarius, bishop of Autun. After being subjected to various insults and torments for the truth, he was put to death by Ebroin, chief minister of Theodoric.

Also, the holy martyr Gerinus, brother of the blessed Leodegarius, who was overwhelmed with stones in the same city.

At Antioch, the holy martyrs Primus, Cyril, and Secundarius.

At Constantinople, St. Theophilus, a monk, who was most cruelly scourged by Leo the Isaurian, for the defense of holy images, was driven into exile, and went gloriously to Heaven.

At Hereford, in England, St. Thomas, bishop and confessor.

And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.

Omnes sancti Mártyres, oráte pro nobis. ("All ye Holy Martyrs, pray for us", from the Litaniae Sanctorum, the Litany of the Saints)

Response: Thanks be to God.

October is the Month of the Most Holy Rosary
a) The faithful, whenever they recite a third part of the Rosary with devotion, may gain :

An indulgence of 5 years (Bull "Ea quae ex fidelium", Sixtus IV, May 12, 1479 ; S. C. Ind., Aug. 29, 1899 ; S. P. Ap., March 18, 1932).

A Plenary Indulgence. on the usual conditions, if they do this for an entire month. Pius XII Jan. 22, 1952.
b) If they recite a third part of the Rosary in company with others, whether in public or in
private, they may gain: An indulgence of 10 years, once a day;

A plenary indulgence on the last Sunday of each month) with the addition of confession. Communion and a visit to a church or public oratory, if they perform such a recitation at least three times in any of the preceding weeks.

If however they recite this together in a family group, besides the partial indulgence of 10 years, they are granted :

A plenary indulgence twice a month, if they perform this recitation, daily for a month, go to confession, receive Holy Communion, and visit some church or public oratory (S. C. Ind., May 12, 1851 and Aug. 29, 1899; S. P. Ap., Mar. 18, 1932 and July 26, 1946).

The faithful who daily recite a third part of the Rosary with devotion in a family group besides the indulgences already granted under b) are also granted a Plenary Indulgence on condition of Confession and Communion on each Saturday, on two other days of the week, and on each of the Feasts of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Universal Calendar namely— The Immaculate Conception, the Purification, the Apparition of our Blessed Lady at Lourdes, the Annunciation, the Seven Dolours (Friday of Passion Week), the Visitation, Our Lady of Mt. Carmel ; Our Lady of the Snows, the Assumption, the Immaculate Heart of Mary, the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, the Seven Dolours (Sept. 15), Our Lady <>f Ransom, the Most Holy Rosary, the Maternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. (S.P. Ap. Oct. 11, 1959)

c) Those who piously recite a third part of the Rosary in the presence of the Blessed Sacrament, publicly exposed or even reserved in the tabernacle, as often as they do this, may gain :

A plenary indulgence, on condition of confession and Communion (Apostolic Brief, Sept. 4, 1927).

Note: 1. The decades may be separated, if the entire chaplet is completed on the same day (S. C. Iml.. July 8, 1908.)

2. If, as is the custom during recitation of the Rosary, the faithful make use of a chaplet, they may gain other indulgences in addition to those enumerated above, if the chaplet is blessed by a religious of the Order of Preachers or another priest having special faculties. (S. C. Ind., April 13, 1726. Jan. 22. 1858 and Aug. 29, 1899). Raccolta 395

Devout Exercises
The faithful who at any time of the year devoutly offer their prayers in honor of our Lady of the Rosary, with the intention of continuing the same for nine consecutive days, may gain :

An indulgence of 5 years once on any day of the novena;

A plenary indulgence on the usual conditions at the close of the novena (Pius IX, Audience Jan. 3, 1849; S. C. Bishops and Religious, Jan. 28. 1850; S. C. Ind., Nov. 26, 1876 ; S. P. Ap., June 29. 1932V
Raccolta 396

The faithful who resolve to perform a devout exercise in honor of Our Lady of the Rosary for fifteen uninterrupted Saturdays (or these being impeded, for as many respective Sundays immediately following) if they devoutly recite at least a third part of the Rosary or meditate on its mysteries in some other manner may gain :

A plenary indulgence on the usual conditions, on any of these  Saturdays, or corresponding Sundays (S. C. Ind., Sept. 21, 1889 and Sept. 17, 1892 ; S. P. Ap.. Aug. 3, 1936). Raccolta 397

The faithful who during the month of October recite at least a third part of the Rosary, either publicly or privately, may gain :

An indulgence of 7 years each day ;

A plenary indulgence, if they perform this devout exercise on the Feast of the Rosary and throughout the Octave, and moreover, go to confession, receive Holy Communion and visit a church or public
oratory ;

A plenary indulgence, with the addition of confession, Communion and a visit to a church or public oratory, if they perform this same recitation of the holy Rosary for at least ten days ufter the Octave of the aforesaid Feast (S. C. Ind., July 23, 1898 and Aug. 29, 1899 ; S. P. Ap., March 18. 1932).
Raccolta 398

A 500 day indulgence may he gained once a day by the faithful who, kissing a blessed Rosary, which they carry with them, at the same time recite the first part of the Hail Mary up to "Jesus" inclusive. (Congregation of the Sacred Apostolic Penitentiary. March 30, 1953.)

The 54 Day Rosary Novena is an uninterrupted series (if Rosaries in honor of Our Lady, revealed to the incurably sick Fortuna Agrelli by Our Lady of Pompeii at Naples in 1884. On March 3rd of that year, after Fortuna and her relatives had begun a novena of Rosaries for a cure, Our Blessed Mother appeared to her saying: "Make three novenas and you will obtain your request.*'

Later Our Blessed Lady said to her : "Whoever wishes to receive favors from me should make three novenas of the prayers of the Rosary in petition and three novenas in thanksgiving."

The devotion consists of the Rosary of petition said every day for twenty-seven days ; then regardless of whether or not you have received your request immediately begin the Rosary of thanksgiving every dav for twenty-seven days.

(Cathcon note: The reform of indulgences was as catastrophic for the Church as the reform of the liturgy, although closely related, as much of the liturgical reform was dedicated to the destruction of "private" devotions) 

Monday is the Day dedicated to the Holy Ghost & the Souls in Purgatory

One of Don Bosco's Dreams.  He questions a Bishop in Purgatory

The Joyful Mysteries of the Rosary are prayed on Monday
The Rosary in Latin

Chaplet of the Five Holy Wounds of Christ in Latin 

Chaplet of the Seven Sorrows of Our Lady in English

The Reading of the Rule of Saint Benedict for October 2
VII. De humilitate
35 Quartus humilitatis gradus est, si in ipsa obedientia, duris et contrariis rebus vel etiam quibuslibet irrogatis injuriis, tacita conscientia patientiam amplectatur, 
36 et sustinens non lassescat vel discedat, dicente Scriptura: Qui perseveraverit usque in finem, hic salvus erit; 
37 Item: Confortetur cor tuum, et sustine Dominum. 
38 Et ostendens fidelem pro Domino universa etiam contraria sustinere debere, dicit ex persona sufferentium: Propter te morte afficimur tota die; aestimati sumus ut oves occisionis. 
39 Et securi de spe retributionis divinae subsequuntur gaudentes et dicentes: Sed in his omnibus superamus propter eum qui dilexit nos. 
40 Et item alio loco Scriptura: Probasti nos, Deus, igne nos examinasti, sicut igne examinatur argentum: induxisti nos in laqueo; posuisti tribulationes in dorso nostro. 
41 Et ut ostendat sub priore debere nos esse, subsequitur dicens: Imposuisti homines super capita nostra.
42 Sed et praeceptum Domini in adversis et injuriis per patientiam adimplentes, qui percussi in maxillam praebent et aliam, auferenti tunicam dimittunt et pallium, angariati miliario vadunt duo, 
43 cum Paulo Apostolo falsos fratres sustinent, et persecutionem sustinent et maledicentes se benedicent.

Chapter 7 Humility 
35 The fourth step of humility is that if in the exercise this very obedience hard and contrary things, even injustices, are done to one, he embraces patience silently in his conscience, 
36 and in enduring does not grow weaken or give up, as Scripture says: He who perseveres to the end will be saved (Matt 10:22); 
37 and again, Let your heart take comfort, and rely on the Lord (Ps 27:14).  
38 And showing that the faithful ought to bear everything for the Lord, however contrary, this text is placed in the mouth of the one who suffers: For you we are afflicted with death the whole day; we are esteemed as sheep to be slaughtered (Rom 8:36; Ps 44:22). 
39 And secure in the hope of divine reward they go forward, rejoicing and saying: But in all these things we are triumphant, because of Him who has loved us (Rom 8:37). 
40 And also in another place Scripture says: You have tested us, O God; with fire as silver is tested with fire; you have led us into the trap and laid tribulation on our backs (Ps 66:10-11).  
41 And in order to show that we should be under a superior it continues, saying: You have imposed men over our heads (Ps 66:12). 
42 Indeed, they are fulfilling the precept of the Lord by patience in adversities and injuries who, when struck on one cheek offer the other; to him who takes away their tunic they give their cloak; and when required to go one mile, they go two (Matt 5:39-41): 
43 with Paul the Apostle they bear false brothers, bear persecutions, and bless those who curse them (2 Cor 11:26; I Cor 4:12).

Today's Celebration of the Mass

Jesus XPI Passio sit semper in cordibus nostris
May the Passion of Jesus Christ be always in our hearts


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